Panglao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 21,337 people in 3,890 households. Panglao is famous for its world class diving locations and is home to numerous tourist resorts.
In early history, Panglao was known to the Chinese, Malays, Siamese and Indonesian traders. Believed to have been ruled by a king and could have become a bulwark of a flourishing civilization or perhaps a citadel of native genuine counterpart to that of Venice, Athens, and Vietnam. It was said that in 1803, the Spanish explorers came to this island's shore to get the supply of water. Few natives making their fishing devised called "panggaw" were at the shore. A Spaniard pointing down asked what the name of the place was. The natives who believed that the visitors were asking what they were making answered "panggaw". Hence, from that term was derived the name Panglao. Abundance of white, fine as powder sand covers the circular coastline of Panglao. Panglao is proud of its name in the Philippines Tourist Map that indicates fantastic paradise beach resorts and dive spots.
Panglao is politically subdivided into 10 barangays.
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